The 328th Military Police Company prepares for convoy live fire training. The 508th Military Police Company is stationed in Teaneck, NJ.
Job training for Military Police (MP) consists of ten weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT) and 12 weeks of Advanced Individual Training and on-the-job instruction, including practice in police methods.
The skills you will learn as part of the Military Police field will help prepare you for a future in law enforcement with federal, state, county or city agencies. Your training could also help you pursue a career as a detective, private investigator, undercover agent, correction officer or security officer with industrial firms, airports or other businesses and institutions.
Military Occupational Specialties
31B Military Police
Even within the National Guard, crimes and accidents happen. Fortunately, the Guard has their own law enforcement, security and emergency specialists to handle crimes committed on Army or Guard property or any illegal activity that involves Guard personnel. On base, Military Police patrol, control traffic, secure the perimeter, and assist with emergencies and investigations. On the battlefield, they conduct area security, guard senior officers, and work with intelligence personnel in dealing with prisoners of war.
Origins of the Military Police Corps
The Military Police Corps achieved permanent status in the U.S. Army on 26 September 1941, yet its traditions of duty, service, and security date back to the Revolutionary War. The Military Police Corps traces its beginnings to the formation of a provost unit, the Marechaussee Corps, in the Continental Army. Authorized by Congress on 27 May 1778 with a name borrowed from the French term for provost troops, the special unit was assigned by General George Washington to perform those necessary police functions required in camp and in the field. The first American military police unit was organized along the lines of a regular Continental Army company with one captain, four lieutenants, one clerk, one quartermaster sergeant, two trumpeters, two sergeants, five corporals, 43 provosts, and four executioners. Reflecting the unit's special requirements for speed and equipment, the corps was mounted and accoutered as light dragoons.
Washington appointed Bartholomew Von Heer provost marshal of the Continental Army and commander of the Marechaussee Corps with the rank of captain. Von Heer and his men were expected to patrol the camp and its vicinity in order to detain fugitives and arrest rioters and thieves. During combat the unit was to patrol behind the Army's so called second line where it would secure the rear by rounding up stragglers and preventing desertions. It also assumed what in later times would be called the "early warning" responsibility, that is, keeping watch against enemy attack from the rear. The Marechaussee Corps also supervised relations with the sutlers, the merchants who supplied the Army, and assumed general responsibility for the collection, security, and movement of prisoners of war.
A second, larger military police force, this one organized in 1779 by the Commonwealth of Virginia, administered the prisoner-of-war compound established at Charlottesville to secure the British and German soldiers captured at Saratoga. Although the existence of both units was short-lived - the prisoner guards were disbanded in 1781; the Marechaussee Corps at the end of the Revolution in 1783 - their functions as well as their extraordinary mobility and communications capability established a legacy for the provost units that would follow. No other military police units were formally organized in the U.S. Army until the outbreak of the Civil War.